"That test bed became a way of evaluating view, transparency, coloration shifts, and the effect of frit on the glass in different layers."

– James Timberlake

How do different facade materials and designs respond to daylight conditions?

We built a custom device for studying glass details under the same daylight conditions. Different glass samples exhibit varying reflectivity and color shift (samples are shown positioned in front of a model of a building interior).

Early iterations of the outer envelope embedded photovoltaics into the ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) material.

In addition to adding depth to the façade, the ETFE allows the building to benefit from an abundance of natural light without experiencing unwanted solar gain or glare.© Richard Bryant